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タイトル: 苦痛の社会学:デュルケーム再訪
その他のタイトル: Sociology of Pain : Durkheim Revisited
著者: 大野, 道邦 link image
著者(別表記) : Ohno, Michikuni
著者読み: おおの, みちくに
キーワード: デュルケーム; 苦痛; 社会学; Durkheim; Pain; Sociology
発行日: 2005年 3月31日
出版者: 奈良女子大学文学部
引用: 奈良女子大学文学部研究教育年報, 第1号, pp.79-87
抄録: This short paper attempts to interpret Durkheim's Concept of Pain from the sociological perspective of body. We will examine Pain concept in the following three contexts: "punishment", "ascetic rites", and "piacular rites" . Firstly, "pain" was treated as a punishment in the traditional society (segmental society) in De la division du travail social (1893). Durkheim regarded "pain or punishment" as expiation for a criminal individual and as vengeance for a society. Therefore, pain or suffering is thought as "symbol", which expresses collective values or collective sentiments in a particular community. Secondly, "pain" was treated as painful trials in ascetic rites in Les Formes elementaires de la vie religieuse (1912). Abstinences and privation, renouncement and endurance in asceticism are always accompanied by pain or suffering. From this fact, pain or suffering seems to be related to "disciplines" imposed by a society. Thirdly, "severe pain" is discussed In context of piacular rites in Les Formes elementaires. In mourning, common pain reaches high degree of intensity, and, effervescence collective of sorrow appears. We can understand, in this case, the collective and emotional natures of pain. It follows, then, that pain or suffering seems to have three social aspects, that is, "values", "disciplines", and "collective sentiments". At any rate, pain, the negative manifestaion of body, could become part of our sociological agendas.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/233
ISSN: 1349-9882
出現コレクション:第1号

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