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AN10436699v17_pp153-172.pdf4.26 MBAdobe PDF見る/開く
タイトル: 少子化と「脱家族化」 ― 「脱家族化」及び合計特殊出生率における地域差の統計的分析―
その他のタイトル: Low Birthrate and De-Familiaization : De-Familialization and TFR of Regional Differences among "Prefectures" for Statistical Analysis
著者: 澤田, 光
著者(別表記) : Sawada, Hikari
著者読み: さわだ, ひかり
キーワード: low birthrate; de-familialization; cluster analysis; 低出生率; 脱家族化; クラスター分析
発行日: 2010年 3月 1日
出版者: 奈良女子大学社会学研究会
引用: 澤田 光 : 奈良女子大学社会学論集 (奈良女子大学社会学研究会) , 第17号, pp.153-172
抄録: In Japan it is assumed that the family must carry the real responsibility for family welfare, and that public social services are marginal. Esping-Andersen defined it as familialism, with Japan being classified as having a strong conservative form of it. He indicates that low birth rate may be caused by welfare state familialism. However, Japan has not been able to currently maintain familialism due to the economy's recession, which makes it difficult for families to support themselves. Masahiro Yamada and Emiko Ochiai, Japanese family sociologists, contend the same hypothesis; however, this hypothesis inspection is still insufficient. I used the indicators of de-familialization and the intensity of family welfare provision, which Andersen suggests, as one attempt to inspect this hypothesis while performing a cluster analysis of Japan's prefectures. In the analysis study, research shows that some of the indicators, such as childcare service expenses (% of GDP), daycare coverage (public), are very important to de-familialization. While in France, which is also conservative like Japan, a de-familialization strategy was adopted and female labor force participation rate enhances this strategy, its TFR(Total Fertilization Rate) was able to rise to a stable contribution. The results of the cluster analysis show that even in Japan, as in France, a progressive de-familialization and higher female labor force participation rate will enable the TFR to rise. However, differences were also found within the theory of Andersen. For Japanese society, unemployed young people living with their parents is not considered a deterrent as it is in Europe; rather, it is effective. I contend that if Japan takes advantage of familialism there will be a positive effort. Have hampered de-familialization, not living with their parents, "Male Main earn types "of the social system. Conversely, promoting de-familialization and female labor force participation will make the low birthrate rise.
記述: 清水新二教授定年退職記念号
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/2553
ISSN: 13404032
出現コレクション:17号

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