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タイトル: Cleopatra: the Image of Indian Sati : Immortal Longing and Social Stigma
著者: Kakali, Adhikary
キーワード: SATI; LOVE; IMMORTAL LONGING; CLEOPATRA; DEATH
発行日: 2011年 3月31日
出版者: 奈良女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
引用: Adhikary Kakali : 人間文化研究科年報(奈良女子大学大学院人間文化研究科) , 第26号 , pp.37-51
抄録: Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra is the most complex and profound portrayal of tragic love. Most critics assert that Cleopatra dies in a Roman fashion, appointing herself to the role of a wife to a Roman Emperor. However, some Eastern elements invade her death scene that makes it difficult to see her death purely as a Roman suicide. My paper compares the nature of Cleopatra’s death with that of Sati, the Indian Hindu custom of “voluntary death of a widow.” The custom of Sati was not completely unknown to early modern Europe. For example, Francisco Pelsaert (1595-1630), a Dutch Merchant, writes that “Sati goes and bathes, according to the daily custom, puts on her finest clothes, her jewels, and the best ornaments she has, adorning herself as if it was her wedding day.” The same symbolic gesture of Sati is revealed in the rituals of Cleopatra’s self sacrifice. Cleopatra dramatizes her own death as a ceremonial preparation of a royal marriage. She wears her best attire and puts on her crown to meet Antony. Cleopatra’s death is the prelude to new pleasures of ‘immortal longings.’ Her declaration, “I am fire and air; my baser elements / I give to baser life,” might not sound strange if it came from a ‘faithful wife’ who ‘becomes Sati’ through self immolation on the funeral pyre of her husband. The drama ends in death but anticipates union of the lovers in the Elysian Fields just as a faithful Indian wife was supposed to be united with her husband as she threw herself on his funeral pyre.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/2804
ISSN: 09132201
出現コレクション:第26号

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