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AA12015204_V2_pp173-185.pdf1.33 MBAdobe PDF見る/開く
タイトル: 現代日本における政策過程と「政官関係」
その他のタイトル: Policymaking Processes and the "Political-Administrative Relations" in modern Japan
著者: 中道, 實
著者(別表記) : Nakamichi, Minoru
著者読み: なかみち, みのる
キーワード: 政策過程; 政官関係; 官僚制優位論; 政党優位論; 日本型議院内閣制; ステージ; アクター
発行日: 2006年 3月31日
出版者: 奈良女子大学文学部
引用: 奈良女子大学文学部研究教育年報, 第2号, pp.173-185
抄録: The goal of this paper is to examine the era of the coalition government and system reforms since the beginning of the 1990s, to determine whether there has been a shift from "Bureaucratic Leadership" to "Political Leadership." Based on a research survey targeting highranking bureaucrats, we clarified the trends in the political-administrative relations as acknowledged by the high-ranking bureaucrats themselves. Through this survey, we learned the following: 1. High-ranking bureaucrats are aware that they are the individuals with the most influence in policymaking processes. At the same time, however, they recognize the power of Diet deliberations in forming policies, and also recognize the influence of the leaders and policyforming agencies of the ruling party. 2. An important role of high-ranking bureaucrats is to make frequent contact with the leaders and policy-forming agencies of the ruling party, and to request cooperation in the implementation of policies that they themselves have designed. 3. High-ranking bureaucrats are aware that persons in their position have played a leading role in policymaking processes in Japan since the end of WWII, and that this is still the case today. The degree and quality of the leadership of high-ranking bureaucrats, however, differs depending on the type of policy involved and the stage of policymaking process it is at. That is to say, the influential actors and the forms that their actions take will differ for each type of policy and at each stage of those policymaking processes, as will the form of the political- administrative relations. 4. High-ranking bureaucrats are aware that the influence of bureaucracies is decreasing, and that their power is shifting to politicians. In order to maintain the influence of bureaucratic systems, bureaucrats must aspire to become "Political bureaucrats" and to establish a system that integrates politics with bureaucracies.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/300
ISSN: 1349-9882
出現コレクション:第2号

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