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タイトル: 『健康全書Tacuinum Sanitatis』研究序論
その他のタイトル: Preparatory Studies on the Manuscripts of Tacuinum Sanitatis
著者: 山辺, 規子 link image
著者(別表記) : Yamabe, Noriko
著者読み: やまべ, のりこ
キーワード: Tacuinum Sanitatis; 健康全書
発行日: 2005年 3月31日
出版者: 奈良女子大学文学部
引用: 山辺規子: 奈良女子大学文学部研究教育年報, 第1号, pp. 101-111
抄録: "Tacuinum Sanitatis (in Medicina)" is the medieval health handbook which contains the information of healthy alimentation etc., translated from the medical book written by the eleventh century physician named Ibn Butlan (Abu al-Hasan al-Mukhtar Ibn al-Hasan Ibn 'Abdun Ibn Sa'dun Ibn Butlan) in Arabic. He explained elements that are necessary for everybody in daily preservation of his health in the form of simple tables, and then the book was called "Taqwim al-Sihha. The Latin term "Tacuinum" is derived from "Taqwim" which means tables. We cannot say the date and the place of translation into Latin, but at least there was Latin version in Kingdom of Sicily in the thirteenth century. Neither original works of Ibn Butlan in Arabic nor did earlier manuscripts of translation in Latin have illuminated pictures. But we can find some illuminated manuscripts of "Tacuinum Sanitaits" in the later Middle Ages, mainly drawn up in Northern Italy. As the primary step of the research on Tacuinum Sanitatis, here are sketched features and dates of some illuminated manuscripts of Tacuinum Sanitatis : codex vindobonensis series nova 2644, Osterreichische Nationalbibliothek, Wien; ms.4182, Biblioteca Casanatense, Roma (of which title is "Theatrum Sanitatis"); ms.Nouvelle Acquisitions latines 1673, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris; ms.1041, Bibliotheque de l'Universite de Liege; ms.3054 (anciently Leber, 1088), Bibliothe que Municipale Rouen. The earliest manuscript might be ms.1673 of Paris, which had belonged to Verde, daughter of Bernabe) Visconti, "signore" of Milan (13541385). The second one seems to be ms.1041 of Liege in 1370s attributed to Giovannino de Grassi, master of the cathdral of Milan and famous drawer of sketch book of Bergamo. The most famous manuscript, ms.2644 of Vienna was demanded by Archibishop of Trent in 1390s, though it also had the coat of arms of the Cerruti of Verona. The circumstances of completation of ms.4182 of Rome is obsure, but the similarity of ms. 4182 of Rome and ms.2644 of Vienna shows us that these two codex were made at the workshops of close relationships. The codex of ms. 3054 of Rouen might be made in the fifteenth century. The original "Taqwim al-Sihha" has 280 items, but those illuminated manuscripts generally have less. The items treated are mostly alimentary: fruits, vegetables, herbs, corns, beans, pains, birds, animals, fishes, wines, oils etc. though seasons, winds, actions and sentiments are also referred. Every page has only one large illumination and some medical explanations on the item. The red-framed pictures are drawn to indicate not only the objects but also scenes related, so they vividly image the ordinary lives in later Middle Ages.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/3110
ISSN: 1349-9882
出現コレクション:第1号

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