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Nara Women's University Digital Information Repository > 040 大学院人間文化研究科 > 人間文化研究科年報 > 第20号 >

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タイトル: インターセックスをとりまく医療の歴史-北米社会を中心に-
その他のタイトル: History of Intersex in Medicine : Focusing on American Society
著者: 入江, 恵子
著者(別表記) : Irie, Keiko
著者読み: いりえ, けいこ
キーワード: インターセックス; 医療の歴史; 北米社会; Intersex; American Society
発行日: 2005年 3月31日
出版者: 奈良女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
引用: 人間文化研究科年報, 第20号, pp.179-187
抄録: This paper deals with the history of intersex in the filed of medicine in North America. Medical records of intersex in the United States started at John Hopkins University. Dr. Hugh Hampton Young first operated surgical treatment for an intersexed person in 1942. He developed the basic techniques and protocols for physically transforming intersexed body through 1920s-1930s. In 1950s, Dr. John Money of Johons Hopkins University established his theory and intersex treatment protocols, which were based on the idea that the children's gender identity came from nurture, not by nature. The theory justified sex reassignment and the surgery for ambiguous genitalia in the early periods was justified, for it regarded that children's gender identity was neutral at birth. This "standardizing" theory and treatment for intersex rapidly spread throughout the United States. However, as the follow-up studies of children had been done, the opposite results from Money theory were reported. Some studies concluded that many children grew up with problems with their gender assignment and sexual lives. Other studies disclosed that the Money theory-based procedure had lached the process of self-determination because of the inappropriate informed consent. This provoked intersex movements that claim human rights and the half of unwanted surgeries and interests. The treatment of intersex in the United States is getting started to change.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/324
ISSN: 0913-2201
出現コレクション:第20号

このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/324

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