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Nara Women's University Digital Information Repository > 040 大学院人間文化研究科 > 人間文化研究科年報 > 第28号 >

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AN10065983V28pp89-106.pdf1.64 MBAdobe PDF見る/開く
タイトル: 米国児童虐待予防対策法の制定と改正について:法の制定に向けた19世紀から20世紀の社会と背景
その他のタイトル: The national Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act: establish and reform :Social background of the 19th through 20th century
著者: 上野, 善子
著者(別表記) : Ueno, Yoshiko
著者読み: うえの, よしこ
キーワード: 児童虐待予防対策法(CAPTA); カルテンス報告; CPS; 児童保護司; 全米子どもへの虐待とネグレクトセンター(NCCAN); 全米児童福祉連盟(CWLA)
発行日: 2013年 3月31日
出版者: 奈良女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
引用: 上野善子:人間文化研究年報(奈良女子大学), 第28号, pp. 89-106
抄録: Since the child abuse and neglect case judgment in late 1880s, in the United States has rapidly promoted child protection activity mainly in an urban area. Initially, social recognition of child abuse and neglect was seen as an often-unwarranted behavior on the intimate sphere of the family. However, after the 1990s, child welfare became the target of social security.  In the mid 1990s, visualization technology of the physical abuse became possible due to the progress of medical science and skills, thus accelerating the movement to prevent child abuse and neglect, which by then had been carefully defined abuse. The issue of child abuse and neglect, in which children are targeted for protection, had been recognized as requiring simultaneous support for parents and as a family problem. Although the recognition of abuse had been inconsistent among the states, it was given a consistent federal definition by CAPTA in 1974. Along with the federal definition of abuse, came the improved ability of child protective services to intervene in dysfunctional family as specialists in social welfare with an official position and procedure in the matter. Nevertheless, since the 1990s, when the United States had to deal with financial problems and the deterioration of security caused by domestic and global poverty following the economic crisis, CAPTA was also repeatedly adjusted and modified against the changing social background.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/3345
ISSN: 09132201
出現コレクション:第28号

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