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Nara Women's University Digital Information Repository > 040 大学院人間文化研究科 > 人間文化研究科年報 > 第28号 >

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AN10065983V28pp173-189.pdf2.02 MBAdobe PDF見る/開く
タイトル: 学級内における仲間関係:子どもたちの所属集団同士の差異化戦略
その他のタイトル: Peer Groups in Class Differentiation Strategies between Groups
著者: 池田, 曜子 link image
著者(別表記) : Ikeda, Yoko
著者読み: いけだ, ようこ
キーワード: 学級内; 仲間集団; 中学生; 高校生; 差異化
発行日: 2013年 3月31日
出版者: 奈良女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
引用: 池田曜子:人間文化研究科年報, 第28号, pp.173-189
抄録: The present study clarifies the strategies that students employ to differentiate their affiliate group from other groups in middle and high school class. Specifically, we want to identify the indicators that students use to draw boundaries between groups and understand what the students mean by this mutual differentiation between peer group units. Toward clarifying these issues, we perform an analysis of the differentiation process between peer groups based on a classification system obtained from fieldwork data. Then, we examine the reasons students tend to use when drawing group boundaries in class. In addition, from the viewpoint of a peer group unit in a class environment, we clarify what it means for students to mutually differentiate between groups and be a target of differentiation. The findings show that students clearly recognize differences in type between their affiliate and other groups. They often explain these differences in terms of superficial subcultural indicators related to external appearance (e.g., clothing, hairstyle) or behavior. On the other hand, they do not explain differences between each type of peer group in terms of the class where all the main school activities occur even though behavioral differences are clearly observable. By creating mutual differences between peer groups, students strengthen the unity of the affiliate group and solidify their group’s position in the class environment. In addition, the daily words and deeds of students that are used to differentiate between groups often focus on the most trivial of matters. When a student is excluded from a peer group, he may become stigmatized by students in other groups. Thus, each student always has a sense of unease over becoming a target of discrimination.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/3351
ISSN: 09132201
出現コレクション:第28号

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