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Nara Women's University Digital Information Repository > 040 大学院人間文化研究科 > 人間文化研究科年報 > 第29号 >

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タイトル: Literature Review on the Geography of R&D Activities
著者: 李, 娜娜
著者(別表記) : Li, Nana
著者読み: リ, ナナ
キーワード: review; R&D activities; enterprise R&D instractions; location pattern; multinational R&D; location factors; location types
発行日: 2014年 3月31日
出版者: 奈良女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
引用: 李娜娜:人間文化研究科年報(奈良女子大学大学院人間文化研究科年報), 第29号, pp. 45-60
抄録: It has been widely confirmed that industrial R&D activities foster regional growth. Numerous researchers including regional scientists, economic geographers, and policy analysts have recently intensified their efforts to uncover the underlying determinants of its geographic distribution. Therefore, this paper reviews and summarizes the important ideas and arguments of recent theories regarding R&D activities to provide basis for a critical examination of the following four aspects: (i) R&D activity and regional growth; (ii) proximity, cluster, product cycle, and knowledge spillovers; (iii) R&D organization and its location determinants of multinational corporations (MNCs); and (iv) location factors and location patterns of enterprises on a national scale. Through different discussions, it was found that although R&D activity can strengthen innovation capacity and foster regional growth, externality can only be realized when the region where R&D is conducted includes various location factors. Moreover, although MNCs’ R&D contributes significantly to technology transfer, knowledge spillovers from MNCs to the host country are extremely limited. Thus, enterprise R&D activity on a domestic scale should attract more attention. There are some similarities in R&D location on both global and national scales, such as high-level technology, abundant talent, and policies. Furthermore, similar to multinational R&D organization changes from centralized-structures to integratednetworks, the historical evolution of enterprises’ R&D organization and location patterns within the country occurs. Meanwhile, the concept of social capital provides a good explanation for the social linkages between R&D projects and industries. Within this context and from the perspective of enterprise, this paper calls for additional study regarding R&D activities on both regional and local scales. Key-words: R&D activities, enterprise R&D institutions, multinational R&D, location factors, location types
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/3713
ISSN: 0913-2201
出現コレクション:第29号

このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/3713

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