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Nara Women's University Digital Information Repository > 040 大学院人間文化研究科 > 人間文化研究科年報 > 第32号 >

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AN10065983V32pp125-136.pdf2.09 MBAdobe PDF見る/開く
タイトル: 「実際生活」に即した滋野尋常小学校特別学級の教育実践:特別学級担任田村一二の教育記録に着目して
その他のタイトル: Educational Practices Based on "Real Life" at the Special Class of Shigeno Ordinary Primary School: With a Focus on the Educational Record of Ichiji Tamura, the Special Class Teacher
著者: 阪本, 美江
著者(別表記) : Sakamoto, Yoshie
著者読み: さかもと, よしえ
キーワード: 滋野尋常小学校; 特別学級; 田村一二; 実際生活; 『精神薄弱児の生活指導』
発行日: 2017年 3月31日
出版者: 奈良女子大学大学院人間文化研究科
引用: 阪本美江:人間文化研究科年報(奈良女子大学大学院人間文化研究科), 第32号, pp. 125-135
抄録: As preceding studies suggest, Ichiji Tamura, the pioneer of education for the physically and mentally handicapped children in Japan, who has dedicated his entire life to the development of education for the physically and mentally handicapped children through his career as the homeroom teacher of the special class of Shigeno Ordinary Primary School and the founder of Ishiyama Gakuen, Oumi Gakuen, Ichibakuryo, etc., is known to have based his educational philosophy on the“ real-life” practice since his early days as the homeroom teacher of Shigeno Ordinary School. However, how the said philosophy was actually put into practice is not known. In view of this, this paper aimed to reveal the contents of education built along the “everyday life” experience, or in Tamura’s words, education for “real-life application”, in the special class of Shigeno Ordinary Primary School by looking into the “Lifestyle Guidance for Mentally Retarded Children” (1936) issued by Shigeno Ordinary Primary School. Through the findings, the paper also attempted to outline the characteristics of the said special class. The study found as follows: according to the educational record of Ichiji Tamura, the homeroom teacher of the special class at the time, the special class had subjects and class hours different from other ordinary classes. Based on the fundamental educational ideal of “real-life” application, the class accommodated ingenious educational initiatives that went beyond the boundaries of traditional school education across different subjects. Also, the education aiming for “real-life” application that treats everyday life as educational materials proved highly effective, as it was suitable for the “mentally retarded children”, who are typically bad at comprehending logical or abstract issues but good at something that is concrete and“ requires no logics”. The study also confirmed that the purpose of education based on “real-life” practices was to help the pupils acquire knowledge useful in their everyday life and develop their morality, so as to enable them ultimately to lead the“ ideal life.”
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/4459
ISSN: 09132201
出現コレクション:第32号

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