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Nara Women's University Digital Information Repository > 030 生活環境学部 > 奈良女子大学スポーツ科学研究 電子版(ISSN:2434-0200) > 第20巻 第1号 >

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タイトル: 〈原著論文〉認知スタイルとダーツパフォーマンスの関係性の検討
その他のタイトル: 〈Original Investigations〉The relationship between cognitive styles and darts performance
著者: 今中, 美里; 大高, 千明; 藤原, 素子 link image; 中田, 大貴 link image
著者(別表記) : Imanaka, Minori; Ohtaka, Chiaki; Fujiwara, Motoko; Nakata, Hiroki
著者読み: いまなか, みのり; おおたか, ちあき; ふじわら, もとこ; なかた, ひろき
キーワード: Motor Learning; Field dependence; Field Independence; Embedded-Figures Test; 運動学習; 場依存; 場独立; EFT
発行日: 2018年 6月30日
出版者: 奈良女子大学スポーツ健康科学コース
引用: 今中美里, 大高千明, 藤原素子, 中田大貴:奈良女子大学スポーツ科学研究, 第20巻, 第1号, pp.1-13
抄録: It is known that the cognitive style including field dependence/independence is an important factor affecting individual personality. The present study aimed to clarify the relationship between cognitive styles and darts performance. We used the Embedded-Figures Test (EFT) to determine the cognitive style (field dependence: FD; field independence: FI) in 18 female subjects, and then the subjects performed 3 series of 15 consecutive darts throws at a specified target. We recorded the EFT scores, and accuracy, variability, modification, and preparation time of darts performance. We also recorded surface electromyography (EMG) of 6 muscles from a throwing hand and identified the peak amplitude, peak latency, and variability of the 6 muscles to elucidate the muscular mechanisms during darts throws. We analyzed the relationships between EFT scores and darts performance (accuracy, variability, modification, and preparation), and between EFT scores and EMG activity. The accuracy and variability of darts performance improved with repetition of the series, showing motor-learning effects. Significant correlations were observed between EFT scores and variability of the X-axis (i.e., horizontal direction) in the third series, EFT scores and modification of the X-axis from the first to third throw, and EFT scores and preparation time in the first series. Variabilities of EMG activities were significantly larger during the third throw than during the first and second throws in the peak latencies of the flexor carpi ulnaris, biceps brachii, triceps brachii, anterior deltoid, and medial deltoid muscles. However, there were no significant correlations between EFT scores and EMG activities. These results suggest that FD individuals with low EFT scores tend to show a narrow variability of timing of the darts throws, and a high modification ability among the throws. Our results suggest the presence of a significant relationship between cognitive styles of FD and FI and motor performance.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/4762
ISSN: 24340200
出現コレクション:第20巻 第1号

このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10935/4762

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